Journal Article

Host-Related Risk Factors and Clinical Features of Community-Acquired Legionnaires Disease Due to the Paris and Lorraine Endemic Strains

Christophe Ginevra, Antoine Duclos, Philippe Vanhems, Christine Campèse, Françoise Forey, Gerard Lina, Didier Che, Etienne Jerome and Didier Che

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 49, issue 2, pages 184-191
Published in print July 2009 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online July 2009 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/599825
Host-Related Risk Factors and Clinical Features of Community-Acquired Legionnaires Disease Due to the Paris and Lorraine Endemic Strains

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Background.In France, Legionnaires disease is mainly caused by Legionella pneumophila. Here, we investigated possible host factors associated with susceptibility to community-acquired Legionnaires disease caused by the endemic Paris and Lorraine strains.

Methods.We conducted a double-nested exploratory case-control study with use of data from the French national surveillance network of incident Legionnaires disease cases notified from 1998 through 2007. Patients with community-acquired Legionnaires disease and an L. pneumophila serogroup 1 isolate were eligible. Case patients were patients infected by the Paris or Lorraine strain, and control patients were those infected by sporadic strains. Epidemiological and clinical factors associated with infection with the Paris and Lorraine strains were assessed by calculating adjusted odds ratios (aOR) in multivariate logistic regression models.

Results.We studied 1090 patients infected by sporadic strains (n=920), the Paris strain (n=80), or the Lorraine strain (n=90). Infection with the Paris strain was significantly associated with female sex (aOR, 1.98; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.19-3.28), steroid therapy (aOR, 3.16; 95% CI, 1.76-5.68), and a history of cancer or hematologic malignancies (aOR, 2.08; 95% CI, 1.15-3.76). In addition, the mortality rate was higher among patients infected with the Paris strain than in the control group (38% vs. 25.5%). The Lorraine strain was associated with smoking (aOR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.14-2.91) and reduced mortality (9.9%).

Conclusion.Several host characteristics were associated with the risk of infection by endemic strains of L. pneumophila serogroup 1. These findings may help to guide preventive measures. Factors predisposing patients to infection by specific strains need to be explored further.

Journal Article.  3722 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.