Journal Article

Role of the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in Responding to Tuberculosis and HIV Coinfection

William L. Coggin, Caroline A. Ryan and Charles B. Holmes

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 50, issue Supplement_3, pages S255-S259
Published in print May 2010 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online May 2010 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/651499
Role of the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief in Responding to Tuberculosis and HIV Coinfection

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

The intersection of tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has eroded gains made in TB control, because previously well-functioning national TB programs have been overwhelmed by the dual challenges posed by TB and HIV coinfection. The US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), through its direct support of >2.4 million persons receiving HIV treatment and, in 2009, support of >308,000 HIV-infected persons receiving TB treatment, works closely with national governments and other partners to strengthen the response to TB and HIV coinfection. PEPFAR-supported activities fall within the World Health Organization's 2004 framework for collaborative TB and HIV activities, including critical interventions to (1) develop organizational methods of collaboration across the 2 programs, (2) reduce the burden of HIV infection among patients with TB, and (3) reduce the burden of TB among persons with HIV infection or AIDS. To date, PEPFAR and partners have made important gains in coverage and scope of HIV testing, referral, and antiretroviral therapy for patients with TB. TB screening of HIV-infected patients is also beginning to increase, although greater progress needs to be made in increasing access to isoniazid preventive therapy and strengthening TB infection control. Continued strategic integration of TB and HIV interventions into PEPFAR-supported programs is essential to easing the patient burden of dual infection, improving patient outcomes, and, ultimately, decreasing rates of TB in areas with a high prevalence of TB.

Journal Article.  3634 words. 

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.