Journal Article

Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Considerations in the Design of Hospital-Acquired or Ventilator-Associated Bacterial Pneumonia Studies: Look before You Leap!

Paul G. Ambrose, Sujata M. Bhavnani, Evelyn J. Ellis Grosse and George L. Drusano

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 51, issue Supplement_1, pages S103-S110
Published in print August 2010 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online August 2010 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/653057
Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Considerations in the Design of Hospital-Acquired or Ventilator-Associated Bacterial Pneumonia Studies: Look before You Leap!

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology
  • Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Microbiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Our thesis is a simple one: although a drug can fail in an individual patient for many reasons, appropriately sized and conducted drug-development programs often fail because of insensitive, uninformative end points, and/or poor a priori regimen decisions. The difficulty in successfully developing antimicrobial agents at present is often exacerbated by company decision-makers who are either uninformed or disregard the difference between empirical-based (ie, akin to playing pin-the-tail on the donkey) and quantitative model-based development plans. Frequently, the focus is on Gantt charts (project event schedules) and the on-time submission of a New Drug Application to a regulatory body, such as the US Food and Drug Administration. Suchmisplaced focus has led and will continue to lead to a number of problems, including program failure or, even worse, regulatory approval of an inappropriate dosing regimen with associated negative safety and efficacy sequelae. We believe that the goal of drug development is not a New Drug Application submitted on time but, rather, an approved, differentiated, safe, and effective new medicine. Here, we focus on the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic data needed to guide dosing regimen decisions for patients with hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia or ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia. Early consideration of these data in development programs will reduce risk not only to sponsors but also, most importantly, to the patients enrolled in the clinical trials.

Journal Article.  3835 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.