Journal Article

Epidemiology of Opportunistic Fungal Infections in Latin America

Marcio Nucci, Flavio Queiroz-Telles, Angela M. Tobón, Angela Restrepo and Arnaldo L. Colombo

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 51, issue 5, pages 561-570
Published in print September 2010 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online September 2010 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/655683
Epidemiology of Opportunistic Fungal Infections in Latin America

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This review discusses the epidemiology of the most clinically relevant opportunistic fungal infections in Latin America, including candidiasis, cryptococcosis, trichosporonosis, aspergillosis, and fusariosis. The epidemiologic features, including incidence, of some of these mycoses are markedly different in Latin America than they are in other parts of the world. The most consistent epidemiologic data are available for candidemia, with a large prospective study in Brazil reporting an incidence that is 3- to 15-fold higher than that reported in studies from North America and Europe. Species distribution also differs: in Latin America, the most common Candida species (other than Candida albicans) causing bloodstream infections are Candida parapsilosis or Candida tropicalis, rather than Candida glabrata.

Journal Article.  5431 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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