Journal Article

<i>Clostridium difficile</i> in Food and Domestic Animals: A New Foodborne Pathogen?

L. Hannah Gould and Brandi Limbago

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 51, issue 5, pages 577-582
Published in print September 2010 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online September 2010 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/655692
Clostridium difficile in Food and Domestic Animals: A New Foodborne Pathogen?

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Clostridium difficile infection is increasingly recognized as a cause of diarrhea in outpatients and persons with no apparent health care facility contacts. In contrast to C. difficile infection acquired in health care settings, few risk factors for development of community-associated C. difficile infection are known. Foodborne transmission of C. difficile has been hypothesized as a possible source for community-associated infections; however, the evidence to confirm or refute this hypothesis is incomplete. Recent studies have demonstrated isolation of C. difficile from foods in the United States, Canada, and Europe and from meat products intended for consumption by pets. This raises questions about foodborne transmission of this pathogen to humans through consumption of contaminated products. This review summarizes the available data on C. difficile in animals and food and discusses the potential for foodborne transmission of this pathogen.

Journal Article.  4465 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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