J. L. Austin, J. O. Urmson and G. J. Warnock

in Philosophical Papers

Third edition

Published in print March 1979 | ISBN: 9780192830210
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597039 | DOI:

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks


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Addresses Bedford’s attack on appeals to introspection in the identification of emotions, which lead him to raise the question of how to draw the line between genuine and pretended anger. Austin demonstrates, through a close examination of the speech acts of ‘pretending’ and ‘really being’, that none of the supposed conditional relations (e.g. not really being  pretending; really being  not pretending etc.) between these two notions actually holds. The essay further introduces Austin’s distinction between ‘pretending to do’ and ‘pretending to be’ and emphasises the complex and diverse forms speech acts involving ‘pretending’ can take.,

Keywords: anger; Austin; Bedford; emotions; introspection; pretending; speech act

Chapter.  7268 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Language

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