Chapter

Islam in the Sudan

Charlotte A. Quinn and Frederick Quinn

in Pride, Faith and Fear

Published in print March 2003 | ISBN: 9780195063868
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834587 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195063864.003.0003
Islam in the Sudan

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Sudan, at the crossroads between Africa and the Arab world, is an oil‐rich, largely barren country with a Muslim North, home to numerous factions and brotherhoods, and a Christian South, with many ethnic and linguistic groups represented. Under Turco‐Egyptian suzerainty during much of the nineteenth century, the most important Islamic figure to emerge in that era was the Mahdi, Muhammad Ahmad ibn ’Adballah. During the postindependence period, Sudan has suffered from destructive competition among sectarian groups, including Islamic groups and their political parties that paralyzed the decision‐making process during rare periods of civilian rule. Imposition of a sweeping version of Sharia has become the symbol of Muslim–Christian conflict in Africa. With the ideologue Hasan al‐Turabi sidelined, there are indications that the government led by General Umar Hasan al‐Bashir is moving toward a more pragmatic direction by both opening up the electoral process and discussing the ending of one of the world's longest standing civil wars.

Keywords: General Umar Hasan al‐Bashir; Hasan al‐Turabi; Mahdi; Muhammad Ahmad ibn ’Adballah; Muslim–Christian; North–South conflict; Sharia; Sudan

Chapter.  9381 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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