Chapter

Islam in Senegal

Charlotte A. Quinn and Frederick Quinn

in Pride, Faith and Fear

Published in print March 2003 | ISBN: 9780195063868
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834587 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195063864.003.0004
Islam in Senegal

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Islam in Senegal is at the threshold of political change, as a shift in power takes place among the Sufi brotherhoods (tariqa). Within the next decade, the growing Mouridiya brotherhood, founded by Amadou Bamba (1850–1927), is likely to overwhelm its rivals, such as the Tijaniya, an outgrowth of a Sufi mystical movement led by El Hajj Umar Tall, and later led by the Wolof cleric, Malik Sy (c.1855–1922). In the near term, the traditional symbiotic relationship between mosque and secular state is likely to continue as leaders on both sides act together and contain extremist Islamist tendencies and urban unrest. President Abdulaye Wade has adopted this balancing act policy in a country that is 94 % Muslim. Support of the Muslim community with its multiple interests is critical to Senegal's continued presence as a moderate, stable West African state. Issues facing the brotherhoods include unresolved succession questions affecting aging leaders, urbanization and growing population pressures, destructive agricultural practices, and social tensions, such as caste and class tensions.

Keywords: Maba Diakhou Ba; Amadou Bamba; Islamist; Mouridiya; Senegal; Sufi; Malik Sy; El Hajj Umar Tall; Tijaniya; President Abdulaye Wade

Chapter.  7460 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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