Chapter

Identity

Jeff McMahan

in The Ethics of Killing

Published in print February 2002 | ISBN: 9780195079982
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833443 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195079981.003.0001

Series: Oxford Ethics Series

Identity

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Argues against three widely held views of our identity: the view that we are souls or incorporeal substances, the view that we are human organisms, and the view that the criterion of our identity over time is entirely psychological. It argues that we are instead embodied minds and that the criterion of our identity over time is the continued existence and functioning, in nonbranching form, of enough of those regions of the brain in which consciousness occurs in order for the brain to retain the capacity, with relevant support systems, to support consciousness or mental activity. It also follows Derek Parfit in claiming that identity is not the basis of egoistic concern about the future.

Keywords: brain; consciousness; egoistic concern; Parfit; personal identity; soul

Chapter.  56470 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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