Chapter

Republic IV: The Virtues

Terence Irwin

in Plato's Ethics

Published in print March 1995 | ISBN: 9780195086454
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833306 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195086457.003.0014
Republic IV: The Virtues

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The mature version of Plato’s doctrine of the virtue is examined through a detailed study of the several virtues. The theory of virtues expressed in the Republic represents a definitive improvement of the position of the early dialogues. Plato does not reduce any more virtues to something else but rather considers them as ends in themselves. This change is due to the different perspective according to which the definitions of the virtue have not to be expressed in non-moral language. Moreover, a key role is played by the doctrines of the tripartition of the soul, which suggests virtue to be the condition of the soul in which each part acts properly.

Keywords: Dialogues; Ends; Plato; Justice; Republic; Soul; Virtue; Wisdom

Chapter.  11287 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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