Chapter

Republic IV: Justice and Happiness

Terence Irwin

in Plato's Ethics

Published in print March 1995 | ISBN: 9780195086454
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833306 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195086457.003.0015
Republic IV: Justice and Happiness

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The main purpose of this chapter is to provide a satisfactory account of Plato’s theory of justice. Firstly, a study of the role and the functions of the rational part of the soul are offered. Secondly, some crucial aspects of happiness are illustrated. These considerations are important to introduce the account on justice. Two kinds of justice are distinguished: psychic justice (P-justice) and common justice (C-justice). The former expresses the relation between the different parts of the soul, whereas the latter refers to the interaction among people. In conclusion, it is analysed why P-justice is self-regarding, while C-justice is other-regarding.

Keywords: Happiness; Justice; Soul; Plato; Rational part; \i Republic

Chapter.  10041 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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