Chapter

Republic VIII–IX on Justice

Terence Irwin

in Plato's Ethics

Published in print March 1995 | ISBN: 9780195086454
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833306 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195086457.003.0017
Republic VIII–IX on Justice

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This chapter studies the later books of the Republic in order to see how the distinctions between the different kinds of justice, presented in previous chapter, work in the last part of the dialogue. To start with, it is demonstrated that deviant souls are “c-unjust,” while democratic souls are “p-unjust.” Then, the rational part of the soul is extensively analysed in order to explain why it is the more comprehensive. Finally, it is underlined that the just man is the one in whom prevails the rational soul, which is the only one able to provide a good balance to the all human beings.

Keywords: Appetitive part; Plato; Democratic souls; Deviant souls; Division of the soul; Justice; Rational part; Republic; Spirited part

Chapter.  9241 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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