Chapter

World and Essence

Alvin Plantinga

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Published in print May 2003 | ISBN: 9780195103762
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833573 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195103769.003.0003
World and Essence

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I begin the essay by introducing the ideas of states of affairs, possible worlds, and truth in a possible world. Making use of these concepts, I argue that each object not only has some properties essentially but also has an essence. (An essence is a property that an object x has essentially and which is such that it is not possible that there be an object distinct from x that has it.) I then respond to the objection that my account suffers from the Problem of Transworld Identification. I end the essay by giving a sound modal argument for the claim that human persons are essentially immaterial.

Keywords: essential; persons; possible worlds; property; state of affairs; Transworld Identification

Chapter.  12636 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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