Roslyn Weiss

in Socrates Dissatisfied

Published in print March 1998 | ISBN: 9780195116847
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833832 | DOI:

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Socrates' first allegiance is to the dictates of his own reason. The reason he refuses to escape his unjust conviction and punishment is that he believes that to do so would violate his tried and true long‐held moral principles. Socrates is no anarchist, but he will neither obey the law nor be its victim when it conflicts with the requirements and entitlements of morality as he sees them. He will suffer injustice only when the sole alternative to suffering it is to commit it. Socrates' reasons for accepting the penalty of death are reasons of justice; they are thus distinct from those presented by the personified Laws.

Keywords: Crito; justice; Laws; moral requirement; obedience; penalty; punishment; reason; Socrates

Chapter.  2343 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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