Chapter

Remaining at the Station

Roslyn Weiss

in Socrates Dissatisfied

Published in print March 1998 | ISBN: 9780195116847
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833832 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195116844.003.0002
 Remaining at the Station

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To determine whether the Socrates of the Crito is consistent with the Socrates of the Apology, it is necessary to become acquainted with the Socrates of the Apology. Socrates in the Apology is a man committed first and foremost to justice; in the absence of a moral expert, he does what his reason tells him is most just; his god commands only that one live philosophically and justly; his daimonion is not a supernatural force but a voice activated by Socrates' own uneasiness concerning an impending course of action; Socrates' loyalty to Athens has little to do with any superiority he detects in Athens herself. Socrates believes himself to be just and the charges against him unjust, yet he will not for the sake of survival compromise himself in any way. His proposed counterpenalty signals that he so esteems justice that he will not subject himself to anything he does not deserve, that is, to anything bad. Death, even though unjustly imposed, and even if a bad thing, is preferable to any bad thing that Socrates might impose on himself: death imposed by the city is injustice that Socrates must suffer; any self‐proposed evil is injustice that Socrates commits—against himself.

Keywords: apology; Athens; Crito; Daimonion; injustice; justice; Moral expert; reason; Socrates

Chapter.  20639 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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