Chapter

The Philosophical Argument Against Escape

Roslyn Weiss

in Socrates Dissatisfied

Published in print March 1998 | ISBN: 9780195116847
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833832 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195116844.003.0004
 The Philosophical Argument Against Escape

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Socrates' reasons for remaining in prison appeal to old logoi, to principles that affirm the value of justice, the greater importance of the soul as compared with the body, and hence the lesser evil of death as compared with injustice. Socrates' reasons for not escaping are made explicit before the Laws make their speech. Because escape defies the will of the Athenians, it requires stealth and bribery, shameful practices that are unjustified in the current situation. By escaping, Socrates will hurt himself and his friends insofar as they will be compelled to engage in practices whose injustice will harm their souls. Moreover, he will violate his just agreement with the city of Athens to abide by his penalty.

Keywords: body; bribery; Crito; Laws; logoi; Socrates; soul; Stealth

Chapter.  18098 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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