Chapter

Theory and Methodology

Benjamin Gidron, Stanley N. Katz and Yeheskel Hasenfeld

in Mobilizing for Peace

Published in print July 2002 | ISBN: 9780195125924
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833894 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195125924.003.0002
 Theory and Methodology

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This study investigated peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs) in three protracted conflicts in South Africa, Northern Ireland, and Israel/Palestine. P/CROs are citizen‐initiated voluntary organizations that promote peace, reconciliation, and coexistence between parties to their conflicts, and the mutual recognition of the rights of each side. Comparative research on P/CROs faces theoretical and methodological challenges. They can be analyzed as elements of civil society, as social movement organizations, and as organizations focused on the resolution of conflict. P/CROs activities include service delivery, advocacy, dialog promotion, and consciousness raising. The study examined P/CRO characteristics such as membership, ideology, structure, financial and human resources, relations with other organizations, risks encountered, and impact on the conflict. Study methodology was evolutionary and iterative, and involved a three‐phase selection procedure, research by local teams, and oversight by an international advisory board.

Keywords: comparative research; Israel/Palestine; Northern Ireland; P/CRO activities; peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs); protracted conflicts; South Africa; study methodology; theoretical and methodological difficulties

Chapter.  9549 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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