Chapter

The Sour Taste of Success: The Israeli Peace Movement, 1967–1998

Tamar Hermann

in Mobilizing for Peace

Published in print July 2002 | ISBN: 9780195125924
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833894 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195125924.003.0005
 The Sour Taste of Success: The Israeli Peace Movement, 1967–1998

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In the late 1960s, and especially after the 1973 war, peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs) concerned to resolving the Arab–Israeli conflict, peacefully began to emerge in Israel, and in the 1980s, P/CROs became an integral, although mainly unpopular part of Israeli political life. P/CROs’ activities included consciousness raising and protest, dialog promotion, some professional service provision, and the articulation of propeace arguments. Discord amongst P/CROs over the Oslo Accords of 1993, and the conservative turn taken by the Israeli government and society after Rabin's assassination, left Israeli P/CROs weak and ineffectual by the mid 1990s. Furthermore, they had always been hamstrung by the public's perception of the P/CRO political agenda as naïve and idealistic, by their extraparliamentary status in a country that prioritized parliamentary politics, and by their homogeneous membership – older, middle class, highly educated, urban, secular Ashkenazi Jews, many of them born in the USA. While the Israeli government ultimately took advantage of the propeace attitude fostered by the P/CROs and adopted much of the program advocated by P/CROs, it consistently denied them any credit for or role in the peace process.

Keywords: extraparliamentary status; homogeneous membership; Israel; Oslo Accords; P/CRO activities; P/CRO political agenda; peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs); Rabin's assassination

Chapter.  16234 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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