Chapter

A Comparative View: Peace and Conflict‐Resolution Organizations in Three Protracted Conflicts

Megan Meyer

in Mobilizing for Peace

Published in print July 2002 | ISBN: 9780195125924
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833894 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195125924.003.0008
 A Comparative View: Peace and Conflict‐Resolution Organizations in Three Protracted Conflicts

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Most peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs) were founded between 1980 and 1990, in response to heightened conflict in their regions; charismatic leaders – usually highly educated and politically astute – and local networks played instrumental roles. Most P/CROs relied on international funding. South African P/CROs received funding from foreign governments, international multilateral agencies, and religious institutions, Israeli/Palestinian P/CROs from private foreign donors and foundations, and Northern Irish P/CROs mainly from the UK and the European Union. All P/CROs used a variety of tactics, but emphasized a package of tactics that fit their members’ beliefs, interests, and skills; there was only slight variation in tactics across regions, but political context did play a small role in determining “tastes in tactics.” Almost all P/CROs, whatever their initial aspirations, became somewhat formalized as they aged. P/CROs in Northern Ireland tended to frame the conflict in terms of personal attitudes; in South Africa and Israel/Palestine, P/CRO frames emphasized systemic factors.

Keywords: charismatic leaders; frame; heightened conflict; international funding; Israel/Palestine; local networks; Northern Ireland; peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs); South Africa; tactics

Chapter.  11334 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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