Benjamin Gidron, Stanley N. Katz and Yeheskel Hasenfeld

in Mobilizing for Peace

Published in print July 2002 | ISBN: 9780195125924
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833894 | DOI:

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This study of peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs) in South Africa, Northern Ireland, and Israel/Palestine faced several methodological challenges: it had to define P/CROs, draw on both social movement and third‐sector theory, develop research tools to obtain data about P/CROs valid for regional and international analyses, and simultaneously understand P/CROs as a class with common attributes and appreciate differences amongst them. P/CROs are a new organizational classification, different from “peace movement organizations,” an existing classification. The study analyzed P/CROs from three perspectives: social movement theory, third‐sector theory, and the institutional theory of organizations. Four main findings emerged: (1) foreign funding was central to all P/CROs; (2) charismatic leadership was crucial; (3) almost all P/CROs became more professional and formal over time; and (4) while P/CROs played no direct role in the resolution of their respective conflicts, they made important indirect contributions. In particular, P/CROs helped to “sell” future settlements and agreements to their populations. Issues for further research include the preconditions for the emergence of P/CROs, and the assimilation of social movement and third‐sector research.

Keywords: charismatic leadership; foreign funding; future research; indirect contributions; Israel/Palestine; methodological challenges; new organizational classification; Northern Ireland; peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs); professional and formal; South Africa

Chapter.  5278 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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