“Upon This Rock”

David W. Kling

in The Bible in History

Published in print September 2004 | ISBN: 9780195130089
Published online April 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835393 | DOI:
“Upon This Rock”

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This chapter focuses on the so-called Petrine text (Matthew 16:18–19) and its place in Catholicism as a rationale for the office of the papacy. It traces the history of the text, from the early church to the present, noting its varied interpretation up through the Protestant Reformation, the hardening of the interpretive categories following the Reformation, and present-day general consensus regarding the text’s meaning.

Keywords: papal primacy; bishop of Rome; Vatican I; Matthew 16:18; Peter in the New Testament; leadership in the church; Petrine text; Origen; Martin Luther

Chapter.  18401 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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