Chapter

Sikhs and Their Scripture

Gurinder Singh Mann

in The Making of Sikh Scripture

Published in print May 2001 | ISBN: 9780195130249
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834433 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195130243.003.0001
 Sikhs and Their Scripture

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The historical background to the Sikh religion is outlined, and an account given of the Adi Granth (“original book”) – the primary Sikh scripture, which is considered to be the highest authority within the community, and plays a central role in Sikh devotional and ritual life. It consists of about 3,000 hymns of carefully recorded authorship with over 2,400 hymns written by the 6 Sikh gurus who lived in the Punjab between 1469 and 1675. The text of the Adi Granth is divided into three main parts: the opening section is liturgical and includes three daily prayers; the Japji (meditation) has 38 stanzas and 2 couplets; the Rahiras (supplication) has 9 hymns; and the Sohila (praise) has 5 hymns. Next, there is an account of the early Sikh community, which also discusses the origin and expansion of the scriptural text. The chapter ends with a plan of the book.

Keywords: Adi Granth; ancient texts; history; Punjab; religious history; Sikhism

Chapter.  8133 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Sikhism

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