Chapter

Philip Melanchthon (1497–1560)

David C. Steinmetz

in Reformers in the Wings

Second edition

Published in print March 2001 | ISBN: 9780195130485
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199869008 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195130480.003.0007
 Philip Melanchthon (1497–1560)

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Melanchthon was one of Martin Luther's closest associates in Wittenberg and the author of the Augsburg Confession, numerous commentaries on the Bible (including five commentaries on Romans), commentaries on Aristotle, and an important and much revised theological handbook, the Loci Communes. He was accused by some of Luther's disciples, the so‐called Gnesio‐Lutherans, of sharply modifying or even betraying the heritage of Luther in a series of controversies over free will, justification, the Lord's Supper (or Eucharist), and adiaphora. Melanchthon clearly did differ with Luther on several issues, including the positive role he gave to philosophy and what he called the “method of Paul” (methodus Pauli).

Keywords: Adiaphora; Aristotle; Augsburg Confession; Eucharist; free will; Gnesio‐Lutheran; justification; Loci Communes; Lord's supper; Luther

Chapter.  4087 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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