Martin Bucer (1491–1551)

David C. Steinmetz

in Reformers in the Wings

Second edition

Published in print March 2001 | ISBN: 9780195130485
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199869008 | DOI:
 Martin Bucer (1491–1551)

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Martin Bucer, one of the principal pastors and theologians in Strasbourg, played a major role in the continental Reformation and a subordinate, but still important, role in the English Reformation. His efforts to achieve reconciliation between Protestants and Catholics and among the various, often quarrelsome, Protestant communities were especially influential. He participated in discussions of the Eucharist between Lutherans and Reformed, leading to the Wittenberg Concord of 1536, which attempted to reconcile the conflicting positions of the supporters of Luther and Zwingli. Bucer emphasized the role of the Holy Spirit in justification and the formation of disciplined Christian communities. Ecclesiastical, political, and social tasks overlapped for Bucer, who drew no sharp distinction between the spheres of church and state.

Keywords: Bucer; church; Eucharist; Holy Spirit; justification; Luther; state; Wittenberg Concord; Zwingli

Chapter.  3950 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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