Chapter

“Times of Motion and Danger”

Meredith Baldwin Weddle

in Walking in the Way of Peace

Published in print May 2001 | ISBN: 9780195131383
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834839 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019513138X.003.0007
 “Times of Motion and Danger”

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Indian unrest and French and Dutch invasion scares threatened New England in 1667, 1671, and 1673. As colonies reacted to these dangers, there were no differences attributable to pacifism between non‐Quaker governments in Rhode Island, Plymouth, and Massachusetts Bay and Quaker government in Rhode Island; all governments made haphazard, tentative, localized, and inadequate provisions for defense. None called upon the king for aid; all called councils of war, mounted an occasional great gun, set watches, negotiated with the Indians. An occasional individual Quaker demonstrated scruples against one measure or another. One major exception to the absence of pacifist evidence was the legislation passed by the Rhode Island Quaker government, the Exemption of 1673, the first formal legislative provision for conscientious exemption.

Keywords: 1671; 1673; defense; Exemption of 1673; Massachusetts Bay; pacifism; Plymouth; provisions; Rhode Island; scruples

Chapter.  4511 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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