Chapter

Believe and be Baptized

Philip N. Mulder

in A Controversial Spirit

Published in print May 2002 | ISBN: 9780195131635
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834525 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195131630.003.0003

Series: Religion in America

Believe and be Baptized

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A distinct Baptist piety grew through the efforts of aggressive Calvinists who compromised the various interests of Particular, Regular, General, and Separate Baptists invading the South. Individual Baptists had to conform to this new hybrid orthodoxy, converting to meet the doctrinal standards, and measuring their religious progress according to a notion of definitive truth: believer baptism by immersion. Baptists’ congregational churches, collections of these converts, contained heated debate and close discipline that perpetuated the evaluative sensibility. In their quest for the truth, they argued, split, re‐formed, and even developed associations of churches for helpful conversation; yet these added more layers of doctrinal debate, extending the rancor and confrontation within Baptists’ insistent religiosity.

Keywords: Baptists; believer baptism; Calvinists; congregational; Conversion; doctrinal debate; General Baptists; immersion; Particular Baptists; Regular Baptists; Separate Baptists

Chapter.  13792 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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