<span class="smallCaps">f o u r</span> <span class="smallCaps">f o u r</span> <i>The Conversion to Newton</i>

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant

Published in print October 2000 | ISBN: 9780195132182
Published online May 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199786336 | DOI:
 							f o u r 						  							f o u r 						  							The Conversion to Newton

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This chapter explores Kant’s studies from 1754 to 1757, the application of his dynamic perspectives to fire, tides, the Earth’s rotation, climate, winds, and earthquakes. Section 1 surveys the background of Kant’s efforts in the 1750s, such as how his earthquake papers relate to the Lisbon tsunami (1755), and describes his co-discovery of sea wind patterns and his discovery of the monsoon dynamics. Section 2 examines Kant’s study of the fate of Earth’s rotation (1754) and its correct determination of the dynamic interplay among lunar period, tidal forces, oceanic friction, and the long-term slowdown of Earth’s rotation. Section 3 discusses Kant’s Master’s Thesis (1755), his chemical conjectures on fire, and his attempt to clarify the spatial energy field, the ether. Section 4 examines Kant’s qualitative approach to cosmological questions and his heuristic reliance on analogical reasoning.

Keywords: spin cycle; Meditation on Fire; Universal Natural History; West Winds; On Winds; earthquake; Huygens; Newton; Lisbon; seismology

Chapter.  11736 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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