Chapter

Jains and Jainism in Patan

John E. Cort

in Jains in the World

Published in print July 2001 | ISBN: 9780195132342
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834112 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195132343.003.0003
 						Jains and Jainism in Patan

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Gives a historical overview of Jainism in Gujarat, and in particular in the city of Patan, which was the medieval capital of the Caulukya dynasty. For the Jains, the most important king of this dynasty was the twelfth‐century Kumarapala, who was profoundly influenced both in his personal spirituality and in his royal policy by the Jain monk Acarya Hemacandra. The chapter also details the organizational structures of the Jain community. These include the mendicant lineages (gaccha), of which the Tapa Gaccha for several centuries has been dominant in Patan and Gujarat, and the lay congregations (sangha). The chapter concludes with a discussion of Jain castes in Patan.

Keywords: caste; Caulukya; gaccha; Hemacandra; Patan; Kumarapala; mendicant lineages; monk; Tapa Gaccha; sangha

Chapter.  16066 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Religious Studies

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