Chapter

Kant on the Scientific Status of Psychology, Anthropology, and History

Rudolf A. Makkreel

in Kant and the Sciences

Published in print March 2001 | ISBN: 9780195133059
Published online February 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780199786169 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195133056.003.0010
 Kant on the Scientific Status of Psychology, Anthropology, and History

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Kant’s efforts to replace psychology as a theoretical natural science with anthropology as a pragmatic science are examined on the basis of his anthropology lectures. For Kant, psychology posits the soul as a distinct substance, but his pragmatic anthropology makes no such metaphysical assumption. It can succeed by limiting itself to providing historical rather than rational cognition, being descriptive rather than explanative, and having a worldly rather than an academic perspective. Kant’s reflections on culture in the Critique of Judgment are claimed to account for certain final changes in the anthropology that was published in 1798.

Keywords: Kant; Critique of Judgment; psychology; soul; anthropology

Chapter.  8115 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Science

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