Chapter

The Presentation of the Northern Kingdom of Israel in 1 Kings 12–2 Kings 17

Marvin A. Sweeney

in King Josiah of Judah

Published in print March 2001 | ISBN: 9780195133240
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834693 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195133242.003.0006
The Presentation of the Northern Kingdom of Israel in 1 Kings 12–2 Kings 17

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Scholars have long recognized the historiographical contention of the Deuteronomistic History that the northern kingdom of Israel was destroyed because it followed in the sins of its first king, Jeroboam ben Nebat. Jeroboam's idolatry in setting up the golden calves for worship at the sanctuaries at Beth El and Dan provides the rationale for the destruction of northern Israel in 2 Kings 17, and appears to provide the basis for the Josianic edition's view that northern Israel was destroyed for its idolatry. An analysis of the narratives concerning the northern kingdom points to an underlying current of concern with northern Israel's tendency to reject righteous Davidic rule in its efforts to assert control over the other tribes. Such a concern supports the contention that the portrayal of the northern tribes originally functioned within an early Hezekian edition of the DtrH that called for the restoration of righteous Davidic rule over the rebellious northern Israel, but they were later reworked to support the Josianic view that the northern tribes were idolatrous and needed to return to YHWH.

Keywords: 1 Kings; 2 Kings; Beth El; Dan; Golden Calves; Hezekian edition; Jeroboam; Northern Israel

Chapter.  9521 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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