Chapter

The Historical Background in Bengal

Rachel Fell McDermott

in Mother of My Heart, Daughter of My Dreams

Published in print July 2001 | ISBN: 9780195134353
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834457 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195134354.003.0002
The Historical Background in Bengal

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A detailed look is taken at the historical context of eighteenth‐century to nineteenth‐century Bengal (India) as background to the following study of the Hindu Śākta poets. Its various sections cover: the rise of the zamindaris (wealthy landowner estates) in late Mughal Bengal; the Mārāṭhā raids (the Mārāṭhās were the princely and military classes of the former Hindu kingdom of Maharashtra); the expansion of British power; the famine of 1770; zamindaris and British policies in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries; zamindari patronage of the arts; why Śākta poetry now?; and the nouveaux riches of Calcutta and the place of Śākta poetry.

Keywords: Bengal; Hinduism; history; India; poetry; Śāktism

Chapter.  10740 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Hinduism

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