The Divine Council

Mark S. Smith

in The Origins of Biblical Monotheism

Published in print August 2001 | ISBN: 9780195134803
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834655 | DOI:
The Divine Council

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An examination is made of the basic concept used to refer to the polity of deities, namely the divine “council” or “assembly,” studied in particular by E. T. Mullen and L.}{\charscalex149 }{K. Handy. This organization was ancient already by the time of the Late Bronze Age texts of Ugarit. Ugaritic literature develops a further conceptual coherence of divinity through the notion of the divine family. The different sections of the chapter look at the language of this divine council, the assemblies of El and Baal, the four tiers of the divine council, and the tiers of the pantheon in Israelite texts.

Keywords: Baal; divine council; El; Israelite texts; language; religious history; structure; tiers of the divine council; tiers of the pantheon; Ugaritic texts

Chapter.  6844 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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