Chapter

The Divine Family

Mark S. Smith

in The Origins of Biblical Monotheism

Published in print August 2001 | ISBN: 9780195134803
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834655 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019513480X.003.0004
The Divine Family

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Working with the study of Ugaritic society offered by }{\charscalex68 J}{\fs26\charscalex68 .}{ D. Schloen, this chapter lays out the correspondence between the four tiers of the pantheon examined in the previous chapter and the four levels of the family household in Ugaritic society. This correspondence and the widespread attestation of familial terminology for the pantheon would point to the patrimonial household as the fundamental image that provided a conceptual unity for the wide variety of divinities and their multiple relations (the divine family). The different sections of the chapter look at the four tiers of the divine household, the royal patriarchal household as a model for the pantheon, the astral background of El’s family in Ugaritic and Israelite literature and Baal’s outsider status.

Keywords: astral figures; Baal; divine family; El; Israelite texts; patrimonial household; religious history; royal patriarchal household; tiers of the pantheon; Ugaritic family household; Ugaritic society; Ugaritic texts

Chapter.  6832 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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