Chapter

The Ontological Argument

Brian Leftow

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print January 2005 | ISBN: 9780195138092
Published online April 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780199835348 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195138090.003.0005

Series: Oxford Handbooks in Philosophy

 The Ontological Argument

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This chapter presents and critically discusses the main historical variants of the “ontological argument,” a form of a priori argument for the existence of God pioneered by Anselm of Canterbury. I assess the contributions of Anselm, Descartes, Leibniz, and Gödel, and criticisms by Gaunilo, Kant, and Oppy among others.

Keywords: Anselm; a priori arguments; arguments for the existence of God; Descartes; existence of God; Gaunilo; Gödel; Kant; Leibniz; ontological argument; Oppy

Chapter.  15740 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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