Book

The Heart of Islamic Philosophy

William C. Chittick

Published in print November 2001 | ISBN: 9780195139136
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834075 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195139135.001.0001

Series: Great Medieval Thinkers

The Heart of Islamic Philosophy

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Afdal al‐Dîn Kâshânî, better known as Bâbâ Afdal, died in the village of Maraq near Kashan in central Iran in the year 1210. Little is known of his life or his teachers, only that he taught in Maraq and had many students. His Persian philosophical prose is the most beautiful in the language. He mentions Aristotle and Hermes among previous philosophers, but only alludes to his Muslim predecessors. His views, like those of the Ikhwân al‐Safâ’ and many others, are strongly tinged with Neoplatonism. He explains with rare clarity that the goal of philosophy is to actualize intelligence and to achieve human perfection. His positions on ontology, epistemology, ethics, politics, cosmology, and psychology are both original and traditional. In three chapters, the book introduces Bâbâ Afdal and his writings, describes the world view of Islamic philosophy, and analyzes significant terms of the philosophical vocabulary. In the main body of the book, more than half of Bâbâ Afdal's Persian writings are translated into English.

Keywords: Baba Afdal; cosmology; ethics; intellect; Islamic philosophy; Kashani; Neoplatonism; Persian prose; philosophical psychology; self‐knowledge

Book.  374 pages. 

Subjects: Islam

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Table of Contents

A Persian Philosopher in The Heart of Islamic Philosophy

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The Worldview of Islamic Philosophy in The Heart of Islamic Philosophy

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Basic Philosophical Notions in The Heart of Islamic Philosophy

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Background Texts in The Heart of Islamic Philosophy

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Writings on Practice in The Heart of Islamic Philosophy

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Writings on Theory in The Heart of Islamic Philosophy

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