Chapter

Toward the Enabling State

Neil Gilbert

in Transformation of the Welfare State

Published in print August 2002 | ISBN: 9780195140743
Published online April 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780199834921 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195140745.003.0003
 Toward the Enabling State

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The four main factors influencing the change from a welfare to an enabling state are discussed. Two of these influences are large‐scale structural changes involving demographic trends and globalization of the economy that generate the kind of impersonal forces that drive the development of the welfare state according to the convergence theory. The other two influences stem from changing ideas and normative views on the consequences of social policies and the appropriate role of the state; these changes animate socio‐political processes that give rise to divergent types of welfare states according to the theory of distinct regimes. The rest of the chapter discusses the changes that accompany the shift from a welfare to an enabling state, and the emergence of new social accounting to accompany the emergence of the alternative framework for social protection.

Keywords: convergence; demography; divergence; enabling state; globalization; social accounting; social protection; welfare state

Chapter.  10597 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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