Chapter

Protection to Inclusion

Neil Gilbert

in Transformation of the Welfare State

Published in print August 2002 | ISBN: 9780195140743
Published online April 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780199834921 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195140745.003.0004
 Protection to Inclusion

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Over the last decade of the twentieth century, policies for social protection of the unemployed in the advanced industrial world have been reformulated from the provision of income maintenance (income support), to schemes for getting people back to work. This change has three connected rhetorical themes (a shift from passive to active policies; an emphasis on responsibilities over rights ; and a redefinition of objectives from income maintenance to social inclusion), which are discussed. An account is then given of experiences in the USA on the reform of public assistance. Next, the four most significant dimensions of policy change involved (restricting entrance and accelerating exit; the segmentation of participants; the introduction of contractual obligations; and the formulation of work‐oriented incentives and services) are discussed. The last part of the chapter discusses the legal aspects of implementation of work‐oriented policies, and the accompanying recommodification of labour.

Keywords: change; income support; labour; responsibilities; rights; social inclusion; social policy; social protection; unemployment; USA; work

Chapter.  16637 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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