Chapter

Citizenship to Membership

Neil Gilbert

in Transformation of the Welfare State

Published in print August 2002 | ISBN: 9780195140743
Published online April 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780199834921 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195140745.003.0007
 Citizenship to Membership

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The concept of social solidarity, and the two competing views on its source (Marshall's, which suggests that it stems from the social rights of citizenship; and Durkheim's , which suggests that it stems from intellectual and moral homogeneity, and is advanced through voluntary association) are discussed. The profound implications that these two different views have for the relation between social solidarity and the welfare state are outlined, and the situation in the transition to an enabling state (where there is a contraction of the social rights of citizenship) is discussed, including the possible conflicts between different community groups that may (and do) arise. The last part of the chapter addresses the possibility of shareholding as an alternative foundation for social solidarity to citizenship rights.

Keywords: citizenship; conflict; Durkheim; Marshall; shareholding; social rights; social solidarity; welfare state

Chapter.  7834 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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