The New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature

Jeffrey A. Trumbower

in Rescue for the Dead

Published in print October 2001 | ISBN: 9780195140996
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834747 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Historical Theology

 The New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature

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Chapter two scours the New Testament and other Christian literature, of roughly the same era, for passages in which there is a discussion of the possibility of salvation after death. Luke's parable of the rich man and Lazarus (Luke 16:19–31) appears to cut off the possibility, while several comments in Paul and 1 Peter seem to indicate that there might be hope for salvation beyond the grave. Statements in Paul's letters have been interpreted to justify vicarious baptism for the dead (practiced by later Marcionites), and universal salvation. The chapter ends with a discussion of two key texts that envision a scene of the final judgment in which the Christian saints are given the opportunity to rescue selected sinners from hell: the Apocalypse of Peter and the Sibylline Oracles.

Keywords: 1 Peter; Apocalypse of Peter; baptism for the dead; final judgment; Luke; Marcionites; New Testament; Paul; Sibylline Oracles; universal salvation

Chapter.  12061 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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