Chapter

Ibn Zimra, Ben Adret, Ibn Adoniyah, the Masorah, and Fixing the Torah Text in the Sixteenth Century

B. Barry Levy

in Fixing God's Torah

Published in print November 2001 | ISBN: 9780195141139
Published online April 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780199834945 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019514113X.003.0007
 Ibn Zimra, Ben Adret, Ibn Adoniyah, the Masorah, and Fixing the Torah Text in the Sixteenth Century

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This chapter builds on the previous five, four of which (Chapters 2–5) analysed the closely related group of four responsa (responses to questions) about the accuracy of the Torah text and closely related matters, by Rabbi David ben Solomon ibn Abi Zimra. Ibn Zimra's approach was primarily halakhic, not masoretic, and to appreciate it an examination was made in the previous chapter of passages from both the halakhic and masoretic literature (the Masorah is the collective textual notes and other additions to the text of the Torah itself), especially the writings of Solomon ben Abraham Ben Adret, who was a prolific author and unchallenged rabbinic leader of Spanish Jewry until his death in 1310. The use by Ibn Zimra in his responsa of Ben Adret's responsum on matters of spelling in the Torah is considered. Also considered is the use by Ibn Zimra of Jacob ben Hayyim Ibn Adoniyah's masoretic Bible. A brief note is included on dating Ibn Zimra's responsa.

Keywords: accuracy; ancient texts; David Ibn Zimra; halakhic evidence; Hebrew Bible; Jacob ben Ibn Adoniyah; Masorah; masoretic evidence; responsa; Solomon ben Adret; spelling; Torah

Chapter.  10593 words. 

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies

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