Chapter

Meanings in Nineteenth‐Century Evangelical Architecture

Jeanne Halgren Kilde

in When Church Became Theatre

Published in print July 2002 | ISBN: 9780195143416
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834372 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195143418.003.0008
Meanings in Nineteenth‐Century Evangelical Architecture

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This chapter reviews the ideological themes associated with these churches and asserts that the auditorium church type lost popularity as the evangelical consensus that had produced it deteriorated. Formalism and a new liturgical movement came to dominate among many defenders of religious modernism, who remodeled their auditorium sanctuaries into new split chancel arrangements or built new Late Gothic Revival churches. Proponents of fundamentalism along with more conservative evangelicals were more likely to retain their auditorium sanctuaries and some even built a handful of new ones by the middle of the twentieth century. With the revival of evangelical influence at the end of the century, however, religious auditoriums were widely revived, in the form of large nondenominational megachurches like Willow Creek Community Church outside of Chicago.

Keywords: Willow Creek; formalism; fundamentalism; Late Gothic Revival; liturgical; megachurches; modernism; movement; split chancel

Chapter.  10596 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Christianity

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