Chapter

Two Major Probabilistic Theories of Evidence

Peter Achinstein

in The Book of Evidence

Published in print October 2001 | ISBN: 9780195143898
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833023 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195143892.003.0003

Series: Oxford Studies in the Philosophy of Science

 Two Major Probabilistic Theories of Evidence

Show Summary Details

Preview

Two standard probabilistic theories of evidence are introduced: increase‐in‐probability (positive relevance) and high‐probability. These theories must be augmented by some definition of probability if a full theory of evidence is to be formulated and evaluated. Four popular theories of probability are presented: Carnap's a priori theory, the frequency theory, the propensity theory, and the subjective theory. It is shown how each yields a different concept of evidence.

Keywords: Carnap; evidence; frequency theory; positive relevance; probabilistic theory of evidence; probability; propensity theory; subjective theory

Chapter.  13787 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Science

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.