Chapter

Malaysia, 1981–1997

Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr

in The Islamic Leviathan

Published in print September 2001 | ISBN: 9780195144260
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833931 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195144260.003.0006

Series: Religion and Global Politics

 Malaysia, 1981–1997

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In the 1980s, Malaysia adopted the policy of state‐led Islamization. The ruling UMNO party co‐opted ABIM, fashioned itself as an Islamically oriented party, and adopted many Islamist ideas. The state created Islamic institutions, and supported Islamic cultural, political, and economic activities. It used Islamization to expand its power and to penetrate the Malay society. The state also embarked on rapid economic growth to address racial tensions. It used its control of Islam to manage Islamic politics and define Islamic values with a view of economic growth and accommodating globalization.

Keywords: economic growth; globalization; Islamic institutions; Islamic values; Islamism; Islamization; Malaysia; racial tension; state power; UMNO

Chapter.  13189 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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