Chapter

Exclusion and the Concept of Speciesism

Paul Waldau

in The Specter of Speciesism

Published in print October 2003 | ISBN: 9780195145717
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834792 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195145712.003.0003

Series: AAR Academy Series

Exclusion and the Concept of Speciesism

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Focuses on the origin, history, and conceptual structure of “speciesism”. The central question asked is whether the notion of speciesism, under which inclusion of all humans within the purview of moral protections is paired with exclusion of all nonhumans from similar fundamental protections, is a valuable interpretive tool in discerning features of general views about nonhuman animals. Included is an overview of many uses of the term “speciesism,” including the seminal use by Peter Singer. The prevalence of ideology, in the sense of bias or prejudgment, in discussions regarding nonhuman animals is also identified. A working definition of “speciesism” is proposed: “Speciesism is the inclusion of all human animals within, and the exclusion of all other animals from, the moral circle.”

Keywords: exclusion; ideology; inclusion; moral circle; nonhuman; Peter Singer; speciesism

Chapter.  10250 words. 

Subjects: Buddhism

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