Other Animals in the Christian Tradition

Paul Waldau

in The Specter of Speciesism

Published in print October 2003 | ISBN: 9780195145717
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199834792 | DOI:

Series: AAR Academy Series

Other Animals in the Christian Tradition

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This chapter first addresses claims and terms found in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, such as covenants and “Leviathan.” New Testament references to and views of other animals are then examined. The chapter concludes with an assessment of the vocabulary and the views held by major post‐biblical theologians based on an examination of the Greek and Latin words used by Justin Martyr, Irenaeus of Lyons, Clement of Alexandria, Origen, and Augustine of Hippo, as well as various words found in the Septuagint and Vulgate.

Keywords: covenant; Hebrew Bible; Leviathan; New Testament; Old Testament; post‐biblical; Septuagint; theologians; Vulgate

Chapter.  22917 words. 

Subjects: Buddhism

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