Book

Four Illusions

Candrakirti

Published in print March 2003 | ISBN: 9780195151138
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199870448 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195151135.001.0001
Four Illusions

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Āryadeva's Four Hundred Stanzas (Catuḥśataka) is a Mahāyāna Buddhist text that describes the Bodhisattva's path toward enlightenment. In his commentary on this text, the Indian Buddhist philosopher Candrakiriti (c.550–650 c.e.) combines philosophical argument with the narration of popular stories to persuade beginners on the path of the value of the Buddha's teachings. In the first four chapters, Candrakiriti offers therapeutic advice to lay and monastic people on how to cope with death, suffering, lust, and egotism. Each chapter focuses on a different mistaken idea that must be abandoned by people who aspire to become Buddhas. Candrakiriti argues that people deceive themselves by believing in their immortality, in the pleasurable and pure nature of their bodies, and in the pride they take in themselves and their possessions. Part 1 of Four Illusions explores the broad range of his knowledge about Indian religious beliefs and practices, legal and political works, and the popular literature of his time, the Mahābharata and the Rāmāyaṇa. Part 2 provides the first translation into a Western language of the first four chapters of Candrakiriti commentary on Āryadeva's Four Hundred Stanzas.

Keywords: Āryadeva; Bodhisattva path; Buddhist philosophy; Candrakiriti; Indian Buddhism; Buddhist text

Book.  256 pages. 

Subjects: Buddhism

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Table of Contents

Mortal Bodies in Four Illusions

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The Body in Pain in Four Illusions

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