Chapter

“A Liberal and Enlightened Constitution”: The Scap Model

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy

Published in print November 2002 | ISBN: 9780195151169
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833917 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019515116X.003.0007
 “A Liberal and Enlightened Constitution”: The Scap Model

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Shows how General MacArthur, early in February 1946, seized on a “scoop” by the newspaper Mainichi that convinced him that the Japanese cabinet was making little headway toward revising the Constitution. It recounts how a small group of officers at Government Section, under the leadership of General Whitney, Colonel Kades and Commander Hussey, drafted a model constitution for Japan in a week's time. Built on the parliamentary model, it placed sovereignty in the people, kept the emperor as a “symbol” of the nation, banned war and armed forces, and set forth a new bill of rights. The chapter concludes with the dramatic presentation of the draft to stunned representatives of the Japanese cabinet on Wednesday, February 13.

Keywords: bill of rights; emperor as symbol Courtney Whitney; A. Rodman Hussey; Charles Kades; parliamentary model; revised constitution; the Mainichi scoop the SCAP model

Chapter.  9084 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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