Chapter

“Grave Danger”: The Allies Challenge MacArthur

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy

Published in print November 2002 | ISBN: 9780195151169
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833917 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019515116X.003.0010
 “Grave Danger”: The Allies Challenge MacArthur

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Analyzes The Far Eastern Commission's objection to MacArthur's arbitrary approval of the March 6 draft and his plan to elect a new Diet in April to approve it. The FEC challenge threatened MacArthur's intricate plot to preserve the imperial institution in Japan's new constitutional order. The Army's Chief of Staff, Dwight Eisenhower, and the State Department defended MacArthur, contending that his actions were consistent with the Moscow Agreement of December 26, 1945, because the draft was the product of a process initiated by the Japanese government in the fall of 1945. The FEC continued to spar with MacArthur during the summer of 1946 and eventually persuaded him to order minor amendments to the draft.

Keywords: April 1946 election; Dwight Eisenhower; Far Eastern Commission; Douglas MacArthur; March 6 draft; Moscow Agreement; State Department

Chapter.  6440 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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