Chapter

Revolutionary America

Edited by Peter Brock

in Liberty and Conscience

Published in print April 2002 | ISBN: 9780195151220
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199870424 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0195151224.003.0003
Revolutionary America

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Seven documents are presented, with an introductory text, illustrating the treatment of conscientious objectors in America after the outbreak of the War of the Revolution in 1775. Various peace sects were involved, including the Quakers, Mennonites, and German Baptist Reform Brethren (the three best‐known sects), as well as the Schwenkfelders, Brethren of Christ, Amish (really part of the Mennonite community), and Moravian Brethren (whose noncombatancy was somewhat ambiguous). The documents relate to Quaker militia penalties (1778), the dilemmas of a Quaker tax and paper currency objector (1797), the German Peace Sects of Pennsylvania and the draft (1777), the problem a Quaker hiring a substitute for military service (1781), the conscientious objection of a Methodist Preacher (1780), and the Moravian Brethren and war (1744 and 1775‐76).

Keywords: America; Amish; Brethren of Christ; conscientious objectors; German Baptist Reform Brethren; history; Mennonites; Methodists; Moravian Brethren; pacifism; Quakers; Schwenkfelders; USA

Chapter.  9450 words. 

Subjects: Christianity

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