Appalachians, Access to Land, and Procedural Justice

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

in Environmental Justice

Published in print October 2002 | ISBN: 9780195152036
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780199833665 | DOI:

Series: Environmental Ethics and Science Policy Series

 Appalachians, Access to Land, and Procedural Justice

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Using case studies focusing on Appalachian coal and California farmland, the chapter argues that ordinary people typically have unequal access to natural resources like land. A major reason for this unequal access is the power of agribusiness and the corporate control of coal and other resources. It also shows that Appalachia is, in many ways, a region victimized by colonialism, even though it is within the U.S. Analyzing the concepts of end‐state justice and procedural justice, it shows that the arguments of Nozick, often used to justify environmental injustice in cases like Appalachia, are flawed. It also argues that a correct understanding of property rights, as explained in John Locke and John Rawls, can support this chapter's appeal for equal access to natural resources.

Keywords: agribusiness; Appalachian coal; California; coal; colonialism; environmental justice; equality; farmland; indigenous people; informed consent; justice; Locke; natural resources; Nozick; procedural justice; property rights; Rawls

Chapter.  10158 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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